Additional Notes & Thoughts
⇒ In chemistry, valence is a measure of an element’s ability to bond with other atoms when forming chemical compounds or molecules.
⇒ In psychology, valence refers to the intrinsic attractiveness or averseness of an event, object, or situation. One such example is seen in the term’s use to express the value an individual places on the rewards of an outcome (based on needs, goals, values, or sources of motivation). This specific example is predominately found within Victor Vroom’s explanation and defense of the Expectancy Theory (or expectancy theory of motivation) in 1964. It is noted that this is not the actual level of satisfaction, but rather the expected satisfaction of a particular outcome.